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You can make as many plans as you like, but if you want to be a successful wedding photographer, you need to be able to roll with the punches and make the best of whatever situation you're dealing with. Was it the beautiful, sunny day you and your wife had envisioned? Nope. Umbrellas and indoor activities will be your only options. You know how you helped them arrange the ceremony for the wee hours of the morning, so you'd have plenty of daylight to deal with? Poor bridesmaid, her zipper got stuck, and the limo driver got lost on the way to the church. You just wasted 30 of your valuable light hours.

Things like this tend to occur on wedding days. You must be able to adapt to changing circumstances and find the silver lining in every cloud for the sake of your clients.

Nearly every couple worries that their wedding photos won't turn out in a dark church. Not to worry, though; skilled photographers have all the latitude they need to employ their imaginations to make even a mediocre shot look great. The wedding photographers are pros, so they know how to adapt to varying lighting conditions inside the church.

Churches are the traditional settings for wedding rituals requiring exchanging vows and wedding bands. However, many still take pictures in the scorching midday sun outside the Church. Nonetheless, the photographers will stick to the predetermined plan if the dim Church can only rely on natural light.

Church wedding photography is easy to handle with only a few fundamentals, even in the dark. In order to produce great images in such conditions, professionals always remember the basics.

Focus On The Right Equipment

They begin with a quick investigation into the Church's available natural light before moving on to the topic of photography gear. After a shoot, they evaluate the potential and limitations of the equipment to determine how best to achieve the intended outcomes. Last but not least, these are the items they always keep on hand when they need to fire a gun:

Full Frame Camera

When shooting in low light, a full-frame camera is a worthwhile investment. Even yet, they are more forgiving of higher ISOs, which can provide photographs of superior quality. The full-frame camera's bigger sensor allows it to take better photos than its crop-sensor counterpart.

Prime Lenses

Prime lenses are best for low-light shooting because their wider apertures let more light into the camera's sensor. By using the wide aperture of the prime lenses, the photographers can spend less time fumbling around in the dim church trying to find a good light source.

Wise Settings Adjustment

They are experts in their business, so they consider how the camera's sensors would respond to the dim lighting conditions whenever they shoot. Adjusting the aperture, the ISO, and the shutter speed may enhance the amount of light reaching the camera's sensors.

When light is scarce, a flash may do wonders. As the bride approaches the altar, the photographers carefully utilise only ambient light rather than a moment to avoid distracting the guests. However, the role of bouncing flashes is crucial during the bride's entrance and the wedding party.


When the aperture is open, enough light reaches the camera's sensor. Both subjects of a photo of a pair will be on the same plane of focus, thanks to the efforts of the photographers. The photographers maintain the same focus plane but use a wide aperture in the middle of the altar ceremonies.

Shutter Speed

Photographers can capture more light by decreasing the speed of their shutters. Also, they are cautious about reducing the shutter speed too much, as this can generate blurry photographs.


Photographers must turn up the ISO when photographing in the gloom of a church. The camera's light sensors become more sensitive when the ISO value increases. Images end up being overexposed as a result.

Lessening The Grain And Noises

Noise and grain become more noticeable when the ISO is increased. Taking pictures at a higher ISO increases the likelihood of noise. Still, photographers learn to live with this by adjusting for the increased amount of grain particles in their final images. They check the camera's exposure to make sure the pair looks their best.

Churches tend to have poor lighting, so photographers must ensure they stick to the basics when working inside. These fundamentals will aid them in maintaining the highest possible image quality. They use the same tools to guarantee that no one will be able to tell that the photographs were taken in dim conditions.

Techniques To Try When You’re Running Out Of Light


When photographing in low light indoors, search for a window to shoot through. It is essential not to be scared to experiment with new compositions and to get in close. When working inside, natural light from a window is an absolute godsend.


Low Light Wedding 2

Instead of struggling against the diminishing light, learn to work with it. The silhouettes your customer will receive in their definitive collection of photographs will be magnificent and dramatic, and they will provide a welcome break from all of the other shots they will receive.

Hold Your Breath

Test the capabilities of your camera and see how far you can take it. Utilise a high ISO, widest aperture, and the slowest shutter speed you can get away with while maintaining focus on your subject. The next step is to hold your breath, ensure that both of your feet are firmly planted on the ground, and tuck your elbows into your sides so that you have a steady hold on the camera.

After that, snap numerous photographs consecutively using the continuous mode. It's possible that the result will take you by surprise! When using this method, you run the danger of capturing grainy photographs that are possibly blurry if you use an ISO that is higher than 2500 or a shutter speed that is slower than 10.


When holding your breath isn't producing the desired results, it's time to use your tripod. A tripod is the most reliable method for making photographs of high quality, even in low light. Even though it is not ideally suited for a fast-paced shooting situation, your tripod is essential when you have a few extra minutes to sneak away and concentrate on a particular photo.

Tripods allow photographers to utilise a higher grade ISO and a narrower aperture, resulting in a deeper depth of field and more precise focus. Because you will be using such a slow shutter speed, any moving subject captured within the frame will appear blurry. For this reason, They believe that a tripod is the most excellent option for taking pictures of landscapes or overall scenes.

External Flash

There will be moments when no matter how hard you try, you can't get a good shot. At some point during every wedding photography, you will need to pull out the flash. Having fun with it is a good idea.

Get used to your flash and the controls at home so you can use them without thinking about the mechanics. Attempt new things and express your imagination! Using a Speedlight on top of your DSLR is a given, but have you experimented with firing several speed lights from off-camera? This fantastic way to add flair to your reception and dancing photos is by using dramatic lighting.

Each photographer has a unique approach to wedding photography, which is part of the art form's allure. There is a client base out there that is a perfect fit for each and every photographer.

Photography with flash allows you to catch low-light weddings, shoot a variety of events, and take advantage of creative lighting by bouncing lights off the ceiling, switching from master to slave settings wirelessly, and adjusting the power option without running connections.

Photographing a wedding with a flash is a great idea. To a degree, it permits shadows in the light. This one is essential while working indoors or when your lens isn't especially powerful. Even during a late-night party, when lighting is poor, you can get a decent image with this.

Using Flash During The Wedding

Flash is your best friend when ambient light is low, and you need to focus on a specific area or scene. A camera's flash may be either fully automatic in TTL (Through The Lens) mode (a term for a method of determining the optimum exposition) or fully manual. Beats can be used with other off-camera flashes and studio strobes for additional power lighting. Indirect flash is the most effective method.

Top 2 Ways to Model Your Light

Modelling your light source will allow you to create a more lifelike image (complete with realistic grey shadows and a matte sheen) without shining light directly on your subject. Like how clouds can diffuse the sun's beams, a reflective surface like a wall can be used to deflect a flashlight or redirect its beam.

Use Light Shapers

From a simple diffuser to a compact, portable softbox or beauty dish, a wide variety of light shapers are available for use with off-camera flashes. A light shaper that is tailored to the desired outcome should be used. However, these extras are expensive, and they are not lightweight, making them difficult to transport for the wedding photographer.

Swerving the Flash

As long as the walls are white or transparent in colour, this is the best solution I've found and the easiest to implement. Small shadows will be cast under your eyes and mouth if you point your flashlight at the ceiling. A more realistic result can be achieved by directing the flash from behind the subject. Keep in mind that the wall colour can affect your white balance settings. The flashlight will adopt the wall's colour.

Wedding at the Church

During a wedding, the ceremony in the church is usually the most solemn and, therefore, the darkest part of the day. And that's why it's essential to regulate your illumination. Even if you push the ISO up to 3200 or 6400, editing the photos in Photoshop Lightroom will be a nightmare. The walls of the church act as a natural filter for any flash photography done inside.

In conclusion, blending the yellow and blue lights is important by adjusting the white balance and utilising many light sources (both natural and flash). The most straightforward approach to prevent sending light in front of the subject and creating a flat picture is to swivel the light source. The light source needs to be relocated to provide some respite.

FAQs About Wedding Photography

You may add a lot more light to your camera's sensor by opening your aperture. You can shoot relatively wide open while your bride and groom are at the altar because they should be on the same focal plane. More information about shooting wide open can be found.

With a wide-open aperture, you'll get a lot of fuzzy shots when shooting journalistically. Don't shoot a bride and groom walking down the aisle during the recessional with your camera wide open. If you do, you should be familiar with your equipment and ensure that the focus can keep up with the action.

How To Take Stunning Indoor Wedding Photos

Low Light Wedding

Wedding photography is one of our specialities. We enjoy shooting weddings and other events in the great outdoors, at sunset, or in any exciting locations this town offers. However, in Canada, particularly during the colder months of the year, we don't always get to pick and choose the lighting.

For weddings, we often have to shoot in less-than-ideal lighting, making the use of on- and off-camera flashes necessary. As a result, how to shoot great pictures inside is one of the most frequently asked topics by newlyweds to their wedding photographers.

To shoot the best possible images inside, follow these guidelines:

Expose For The Ambient

Adjusting the exposure to capture the ambient light of the event room is the first step in capturing excellent inside photographs on the wedding day. They usually expose one stop below the available light, making my flash the primary source of illumination and making my subject the focal point of the photograph. Then adjust my camera's ISO, shutter speed, and aperture to capture the venue's ambience while preserving the natural light that the couple usually spends a lot of money on.

The uplighting is usually a cool blue or purple, which looks good on human flesh. So that my flashes don't have to enter the power-hungry hyper-sync mode (HSS), they keep the shutter speed much below this sync. For the same reason, They strive to keep the shutter speed over 1/60s whenever possible during the dances.

Set Your Flash to Second Curtain Sync (or Rear Curtain Sync)

Despite using slower shutter speeds, we are still able to catch most of the available light, thanks to the second curtain sync. This will enable you to take pictures with shutter speeds as slow as 1/60 of a second and even to drag the shutter at 1/15 of a second for extra creative control.

They recommend practising dragging the shutter at home before doing it at an actual event. Do yourself a favour, and don't try dragging the shutter during essential parts of the day unless you've mastered the skill. Clients won't be impressed if you can't make the big shots. However, the after-dinner gathering is an ideal setting for testing out and refining any novel lighting arrangements.

Add Flash To Taste

Usually, shoot with anywhere from one to three-speed lights (two of which are off-camera flash) indoors, but we'll only be discussing the critical light here (or about the on-camera flash). Having utilised E-TTL when I first started as a wedding photographer, but Then learned the lesson when the bride and groom were making their grand entry, and there was a lot of ambient light in the room, and The flash didn't go off because it thought there was enough light.

That's making the subjects black and white silhouettes; luckily, my backup photographer was using his flash in manual mode. Since then, they only shoot in manual mode, with the exception of when action is occurring so rapidly that they don't have time to take a test photo and adjust the flash power.

Gel Your Flashes

Whenever shooting indoors, adjust the white balance to tungsten/incandescent / 3200 K to get the correct colour rendition of the warm light sources like chandeliers and lamps. Many photographers neglect to gel their flashes because they are either unaware of their importance or too sluggish to do it. Please don't do it, though; it makes the bride's dress and people's skin tones look dirty.

How To Set The Flash Power Properly

One of Zach Arias's workshop attendees posed this question. Where can They even begin to use the lightning speed? After being prompted, Zach just said, "Do something." For me, the fraction one-thirty-second makes an excellent benchmark. When using an aperture setting of F2 or F2, the rule of thumb is to apply the ISO inversion. Always keep in mind that the flash is not in charge of the overall exposure but rather the shutter speed. A guideline for flash power is as follows: for ISO 1600, use 1/16 power (1/16 control for ISO 3200, 1/32 management at ISO 6400, and so on). That guideline may not be perfect, but it will do in a bind.

Bounce the Flash in the Direction of the Subject’s Gaze

They refer to this as "going with your gut" or "following the nose." By indicating the direction in which your subject is turning, it instructs you to bounce the flash in that direction. The moment should be jumped 45 degrees to the left and 45 degrees up if the problem is a leftward gaze. The entire ceiling can be used as a softbox to cast a flattering light on the subject. The guideline also ensures that you only use narrow or weak lighting when shooting from the shorter side of the face.

Group photos are more accessible by bouncing the flash off the wall or ceiling behind you. As a result, the light will be nice and diffuse, which is crucial for photography.

Practice, Practice and Then Practice Some More.

In a workshop That just attended, one of the world's best wedding photographers admitted that the flash genuinely scared her. One challenge is that mixing two doses is not something most people think about immediately. It was like a light bulb going out in my head when You grasped that idea. That's why many amateur photographers shun artificial lighting and instead identify as "natural light" shooters. On the other hand, They adore daylight. Most celebrations are typically held inside, where the lighting is either inadequate, diffused, or poor.

It's common for couples to seek a swoon-worthy setting for their first dance and the rest of the reception. Because of the lack of contrast, the cameras have difficulty focusing. In a separate piece, they reveal a few secrets.


Becoming an expert flash photographer takes a lifetime of practice, but the rewards are tremendous. These days, learning this elegant art is easier than ever because of the abundance of available internet resources.

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